In 1978, local villagers accidentally discovered the remains
of the mosque. The mosque was partly restored and repaired by the Department of
Archaeology, Bangladesh and it is now a protected monument. It can be assumed
from the ruins that it was a multi-domed mosque contemporary with Khan Jahan
Ali style mosques of Khalifatabad and located at historic Mohammadabad city,
present day Barobazar, Jessore. Based on architectural style the date of
construction can be estimated to be late-fifteenth century.
The Satgachia Mosque is one of the larger examples of
hypostyle mosques in the region, having a forest of columns topped by thirty-five
small domes. The ruin of the mosque is situated on the bank of the Adina Pukur at
the western edge of Mohammadabad.
The mosque had an oblong plan of 81'3" x 62'9"
externally and 63'7" x 45'0" internally. The structure was divided
into seven equal interior bays and five rows, each grid was roofed over by a
hemispherical dome. The eastern façade had seven arched entrances opening to a
thirty-five grid prayer chamber. There were seven mihrabs, each aligned with
the seven entrances at east and the central portion of the qibla wall was
projected westward. Stylistically this kind is
known as Khan Jahan Ali architecture, commonly found in and around the south-western
part of Bangladesh.
The rectangular structure was buttressed by four corner circular
towers. Entrance arches were framed with rectangular shallow recesses. Both
north and south facades had five arched opening used as entrances. The mosque was
enclosed with massive brick walls while the interior was supported by twenty-four
massive brick columns. The western wall had seven
terracotta multi cusped arched mihrabs on the interior with the central one
projected on the exterior.
Asher, C. B. Inventory of Key Monuments. In The Islamic Heritage of Bengal, George Michell, editor. Paris: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), 1984.
Hasan, P. Sultans and Mosques: The Early Muslim Architecture of Bangladesh. London: I. B. Tauris, 2007.
Islam, I., and Noblea, A. Mosque Architecture in Bangladesh: The Archetype and Its Changing Morphology. Journal of Cultural Geography, 17(2), 5-25, 1998.