Sultan Mas‘ūd b. Ibrahim was the 12th sultan of
the Ghaznavid dynasty. He succeeded his father––Sultan Ibrahim––to the throne
in 1099/492 AH and ruled until 1114-5/508 AH. An enthusiastic fighter, Mas‘ūd
III kept his armies active in India. The spoils of the war and the temple
treasures of India were used to beautify the capital Ghazna in much the same
fashion as his predecessors such as Mahmūd of Ghazna .
With Mas‘ūd III’s death (in 1115/508 AH), the state began to become weaker and
a warfare amongst his sons rolled out, out of which eventually Bahramshah
emerged victorious .
Although only some of the architecture has survived from the
Ghaznavid period, it seems to have been inspired by the Indian tradition
alongside other influences . Mas‘ūd III is known for one of the most famous minarets in Ghazni. Built of bricks, it has
inscriptions on its side walls . The Italian Archaeological
Mission in Afghanistan also excavated a palace
attributed to him, which has a Persian poetic text on marble slabs to form
dado round an inner courtyard. The poem inscribed in marble praises the sultan
and his predecessors as Muslim gāzīs and as heroes connected with the
legendary Iranian past .
died at the age of 55 lunar years in March 1115 / Shawwal 508 AH .
Hillenbrand, "The Architecture of the Ghaznavids and Ghurids"
Bosworth, C. Edmund. The Later Ghaznavids: Splendour and Decay: The
Dynasty in Afghanistan and Northern India, 1040-1186. Persian
Studies Series; No. 7. New York: Columbia University Press. 1977.
Hillenbrand, Robert. “The architecture of the Ghaznavids and
Ghurids.” In Carole Hillenbrand (ed.), Studies in honour of Clifford
Edmund Bosworth. Vol. 2. The Sultan’s Turret. Leiden. 2000. 124–206.
Inaba, Minoru. “Ghaznavids.” In Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE. Edited
by Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, and Everett Rowson. Accessed
on March 9, 2020. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_27454.