Situated on the Persian Gulf, the complex has a formal layout in plan composed of two concentric circles. The inner circle features two palaces facing each other along the far west axis and separated by walled ornamental gardens. The two palaces are flanked to the north by the Royal Cabinet building and to the south by the guests' residences and villas. The outer circle, enclosed by a 7m high screen wall, features the staff housing and support facilities. Within the circle, formal gardens and open spaces connect the various buildings.