memorial in honor of Iraqi war
heroes on a site comprising green areas, a children's playground, car parks,
walkways and bridges, and a lake. It was built by the Mitsubishi Corporation between
1981 and 1983 to the specifications of Ove Arup and Partners. The idea was
conceived by Iraqi artist Ismail Fattah al-Turk and aided by architects from
the Baghdad School of Architecture. Planned and built under Saddam Hussein, the
monument was originally intended to commemorate the fallen Iraqi soldiers of
the Iran-Iraq War. It is located on the east side of the Tigris River directly
west of theArmy Canal (Qanat al-Jaish).
Amid the memorial’s
lake is an island of two circular platforms - one above the other - on which
the monument is set. The monument is a 40m shell split in two and slid to form an inverted and disjoined
S in plan. Inside one of the dome shells is a circular water pool that cascades
its contents to the courtyard below. The structure built on two levels under
the platform comprises a museum, library, cafeteria, lecture hall, exhibition
gallery, and support facilities. The shells are constructed of a galvanized steel frame with glazed
ceramic tile cladding pre-cast in carbon fiber reinforced concrete.
Aga Khan Trust for Culture
Al-Khalil, Samir. The Monument: Art, Vulgarity and Responsibility in Iraq. London: André Deutsch, 1991.