A programme to improve public spaces, which continues until 2022, covers each of Tatarstan’s 45 municipal districts, the main settlements of which range from major cities to small villages. Since its initiation in 2015, 328 parks, squares, riverfronts and pedestrian streets have been created or remodelled for year-round enjoyment – even in snow. A key aim is to offer an equal quality of environment in terms of design, equipment and materials, regardless of the settlement’s size. Together with input from multiple specialists, a participatory process engages with citizens at all stages of design and implementation, as well as the subsequent life of the projects, bringing about positive change in social, economic, cultural and ecological terms. Each project expresses the identity of the specific place; most include infrastructure for cultural activities.