When Mohamed al-Jedidi, a prominent Kairouanese jurist, died in Mecca (1384/786 AH), his disciple, Abou Samir Abid el Ghariani, continued to teach there until his death in 1402/805 AH. He was entombed in the complex, which now bears his name. While sources confirm its construction in the 14th c./8th c. AH, it was substantially altered and expanded in the 17th c./11th c. AH, which may account for its irregular layout consisting of 3 courtyards, each surrounded by porticoes. There is also a second story that contained student lodgings.
The entry to the complex is through an L-shaped vestibule that opens onto a courtyard paved with black and white marble arranged in geometric patterns. It is surrounded by three porticoes each consisting of three horseshoe arches crowned with ablaq brick. The prayer hall is on the southwest side. It consists of three naves running parallel to the qibla wall. The mihrab at the center is marble, topped with an elaborately decorated arch supported by two contrasting marble columns. The elaborate vegetal and geometric stucco decoration of the arch is topped with alternating black and white voussoirs.
The tomb chamber is accessed through the northeast gallery. Plaster panels sit atop the tiled ceramic walls, and the ceiling is painted wood. The room contains the tombs of Sidi Abid and the Hafsid Sultan Mulay Hassan.
Two smaller courtyards can be accessed from the main courtyard. The contain ablution facilities and student lodging.
(n.d.). The Sidi Abid Al-Ghariani Mausoleum. Agency for Heritage development and cultural promotion (AMVPPC). Retrieved June 10, 2019, from https://perma.cc/97KE-BZ7V http://www.patrimoinedetunisie.com.tn/eng/monuments/sidi_abid.php
(n.d.). Qantara - Zawiyya De Sidi Abid Al-Ghariani. Retrieved June 10, 2019, from https://perma.cc/C44Y-6PQ2 https://www.qantara-med.org/public/show_document.php?do_id=412&lang=fr
Marcais, G. (1926). Manuel d’Art Musulman: l’Architecture: Tunisie, Algérie, Maroc, Espagne et Sicile. Vol. 2. Paris: Ausguste Picard
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Zangar, S. (n.d.). Discover Islamic Art - Virtual Museum - Monument_ISL_tn_Mon01_24_en. MWNF. Retrieved June 10, 2019, from https://perma.cc/5CJF-XJYE http://islamicart.museumwnf.org/database_item.php?id=monument;ISL;tn;Mon01;24;en
Sidi Abid al-Ghariani Zawiya (Transliterated)
زاوية سيدي عبيد الغرياني (Original)
Sidi Abid al-Ghariani Mausoleum (Translated)
Zaouia de Sidi Abid el-Ghariyani (Alternate transliteration)
Mausolée Sidi Abid el Ghariani (Translated)
Madrasa y zawiya de Sidi Abid al-Garyani (Translated)
Madrasa et Zaouïa de Sidi Abid al-Ghariani (Translated)
مدرسة وزاوية سيدي عابد الغرياني (Original)
14th c./second half of the 8th c. AH, 17th c./11th c. AH, restored and modified