Recipient of the Aga Khan Award for Architecture in 1980.
This government-assisted, self-help community planning programme provides three levels of infrastructure: paved access roads, bridges and footpaths; water supply, sanitation and drainage canals; schools and health clinics. These improvements are threaded along existing rights-of-way, with little disturbance to the existing housing. Although the programme does not offer direct housing assistance, the improved access, flood control and increased economic activity within the kampungs has stimulated home improvement. At the time the award was given, 450'000 kampung dwellers were benefiting from the new infrastructure at a cost of US$ 60 per capita. From the jury citation: "[the programme] has improved living conditions, helped to integrate the informal sector with the city economy and encouraged individual initiative in the improvement of housing."