Hisham b. 'Abd al-Malik (Alternate transliteration)
Umayyad Caliph Hisham (Translated)
Hishām ibn ʻAbd al-Malik, Caliph, 691-743 (Translated)
Hisham ibn 'Abd al-Malik was the tenth caliph of the Umayyads, the first hereditary dynasty of Islam. Born in 691/72 AH in Damascus, Hisham was the fourth son of 'Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan to reign, after al-Walid, Sulayman and Yazid. He reigned for nearly twenty years, from 724/105 AH to 743/125 AH.