Doha, the most populated city in the Qatar, grew out of, and now contains the Al Bidda neighborhood in the east. Mentions of Al Bidda date back to the 17th century, but it rose to prominence in the 19th century. Doha was officially established in 1820. It became the capital city in 1971 when Qatar became independent.
It quickly became one of the main financial centers of the region. In 1996 the Al Jazeera satellite networks were established in Doha. A year later Education City was established by the Qatar Foundation for Education, Science, and Community Development. With an area of 14 square kilometers, the area houses educational facilities the serve students from school age through graduate school. Virginia Commonwelth University was the first of 8-10 foreign universities to establish branch campuses in Education City. It also houses a number of Qatari schools and research institutions.
The Khalifa Sports City, situated in the Al Waab district of Doha, contains several sporting venues constructed in preparation for the 2006 Asian Games. It also features in the 2022 FIFA World Cup bid submitted by the Qatar Football Association. With the Aspire Tower, the complex is an important landmark 8 km from Doha’s CBD, and it aims to become an international destination for sport, entertainment, leisure, health, sports medicine and science. It houses an international sports stadium, an aquatic centre, medical facilities, education services, a sports academy, a mosque, a sports club, retail areas, parklands and a large public plaza.