Christiane Gruber is an Associate Professor and Director of Graduate Studies at the Faculty of the History of Art, University of Michigan. Her primary field of research is Islamic book arts, paintings of the Prophet Muhammad, and Islamic ascension texts and images, about which she has written two books and edited a volume of articles. She also pursues research in Islamic book arts and codicology, having authored the online catalogue of Islamic calligraphies in the Library of Congress as well as edited the volume of articles, The Islamic Manuscript Tradition. Her third field of specialization is modern Islamic visual culture and post-revolutionary Iranian visual and material culture, about which she has written several articles. She also has co-edited two volumes on Islamic and cross-cultural visual cultures. Professor Gruber received her PhD in Islamic Art History from the University of Pennsylvania (2005) and an MA in Islamic Architecture from the University of Pennsylvania (2001).