Raised in the historic city of Isfahan, Mohammad Gharipour received
his Ph.D. in Architectural Theory and History from Georgia Institute of
Technology in 2008 and Masters of Architecture from the University of Tehran in
2000. He teaches architecture at Morgan State University and is the Director and Founding Editor of the International Journal of Islamic Architecture. His
areas of research include Japanese traditional and contemporary architecture,
Persianate gardens and architecture, and restorative environments. He is the
recipient of Spiro Kostof fellowship award from the Society of Architectural
Historians (SAH) in 2008 and the author of several publications including Persian Gardens and Pavilions: Reflections in
Poetry, Arts and History(I.B. Tauris, 2013). in 2014, Dr. Gharipour was presented with the National Endowment for Humanities Faculty Award for his research on Synagogues of Isfahan, Iran. He is also curator of the Archnet collection on Synagogues of Isfahan.
Kayaalp, Pinar. "Vakfiye and Inscriptions: An Interpretation of the Written Records of the Atik Valide Mosque Complex." In International Journal of Islamic Architecture, Volume 1, Number 2 (pp. 301-324), edited by Mohammad Gharipour, Bristol: Intellect, 2012.
Large-scale imperial endowments symbolized the munificence and permanence of the Ottoman Empire. They not only provided religious and social services for the communities built around them, but also served as effective instruments affirming a political ideology and projecting a desired image directly from the imperial centre. A textual analysis of the endowment deed (vakfiye) and epigraphic programme of the Atik Valide Mosque Complex commissioned by Nurbanu, the Queen Mother of Sultan Murad III, reveals the ideology espoused by the state at the time. On one level, the vakfiye affirms that the shift of the Ottoman polity from an expansionary to a sedentary one was a welcome and necessary step for the perpetuation of the empire. On another level, the images of Nurbanu and her son Murad were carefully constructed to rebuff criticism from those who argued that the mismanagement, corruption and factionalism of Murad and his court were putting the very existence of the Ottoman state into jeopardy. In these documents, Nurbanu emerges as an exemplary queen mother, pious and generous in nature, committed to the well-being of her son's subjects, while Murad is hailed as the quintessential caliph, capable of both upholding the tenets of Islam and preserving the integrity of the temporal Ottoman domain. As such, the Atik Valide Mosque Complex served at once as a clarion of the positive changes the imperial dynasty had initiated and as a nexus of extensive social services provided by the Queen Mother to aid her subjects who were feeling the combined strains of inflation, food shortages, social unrest and protracted wars.
Keywords: Atik Valide; Murad III; Nurbanu; külliye; mosque complex; vakfiye