Little remains of the Alcazaba, or fortress, of the Alhambra, which dates from between the eleventh and fourteenth centuries. Originally built during the reign of the Zirid dynasty, it was enlarged by the Nasrids in the fourteenth century. The Alcazaba contained quarters and services for the military, baths, domestic architecture, and storerooms.
Arie, Rachel. 1986. Une Metropole hispano-musulmane au bas moyen age: Grenade nasride. Les Cahiers de Tunisie 34, nos. 137-138, 57.
Dario Cabanelas Rodriguez. 1992. The Alhambra: An Introduction. In al-Andalus : the art of Islamic Spain . Edited by Jerrilynn D. Dodds. New York: Abrams, 127-33.
Dickie, James. 1992. A Case Study of Arab Urbanism in Muslim Spain. In The Legacy of Muslim Spain. Edited by Salma K. Jayyusi. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 88-111.
Ruggles, D.F. 2000. Madinat al-Zahra. In Gardens, Landscape, and Vision in the Palaces of Islamic Spain. University Park: Pennsylvania State UP, 164-170.