The imperial complex of Murad I, bearing his epithet Hüdavendigar, consists of a mosque with madrasa (medrese) and dervish lodge (zaviye), mausoleum (türbe), fountain, a soup kitchen (imaret), a hamam and a Koran school for boys (sibyan mektebi).
The mosque of the complex was rebuilt following the 1855 earthquake, without alteration in plan. Successive restorations in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries have introduced new elements such as the central fountain and the wooden gallery above entrance. The mosque is based on a reverse T-plan with a double-story portico at entrance, leading, through a vestibule, to a domed central hall flanked by eyvans on the east and west and a larger eyvan with mihrab niche on the south. The upper floor, accessed with stairs from vestibule at entrance, is a madrasa. Sixteen rooms, aligned along the outer wall of the building on the east, west and north, are serviced with a U-shaped inner corridor that looks into central hall below. The corridor also provides access to the upper story of the portico on the north, and to a thin passage along the barrel vault of the southern eyvan leading to a small room above the mihrab. On the exterior, the mihrab niche is expressed with an octagonal protrusion along the height of the qibla wall. The single minaret on the northeast is a later addition. The construction is three courses of brick to one course of stone. The unusual layout and details of the mosque suggest the involvement of a Byzantine or Italian architect.
The mausoleum was commissioned by Bayezid I after the death of his father Murad I in Kosovo in 1329 and is located to the south of the mosque. It is a single-unit with dome resting on double arches and Byzantine columns and houses the tombs of Murad I and seven other members of the Ottoman family.
The hamam, known with the multiple names of Bekarlar, Kimsesiz, Cikcik or Girçik Hamami, is located to the east of the mosque and consists of a single domed unit with fountain at its center. It is currently used as privy chambers for the mosque.
The boys' school has been entirely rebuilt and is currently in use as primary school. The soup kitchen (imaret) to the west of the mosque has also lost its original form.
Baykal, Kâzim. Bursa ve anitlari. Turkey: Türkiye Anit-Çevre Turizm Degerlerini Koruma Vakfi, 1982.
Gabriel, Albert. Une capitale turque, Brousse-Bursa. Paris: E. de Boccard, 1958.
Goodwin, Godfrey. A history of Ottoman architecture. 1971. Reprint, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1997.
Hüdavendigar Külliyesi (Variant)
Hüdavendigar Complex (Variant)
Complex of Murad I (Variant)
Hüdavendigar Cami (Variant)
I. Murad Turbesi (Variant)
Murat Hüdavendigar Imareti (Variant)
Murad Hudavendigar Imaret (Variant)
1365-1385/766-786 AH, restored 19th-20th c./13th-15th c. AH