banks of the Indus River, midway between
the sea and the Punjab, a city,
Mohenjo Daro, was discovered dating from 3500 B.C.,
and its destruction by the Aryans is believed
to have taken place some two thousand years later. The museum now
being built is part of a project to be completed near the excavation site, and
to include a rest house for visitors, offices and
store-rooms, as well as housing accommodation for the management staff
and the workers employed in the digging or on the farm.
The remoteness of the excavation site, by which the museum has been
built, made it necessary to adopt an extremely simple form of construction.
Thus the walls are of plain brick without any decorative indentations and are
parallel to the prevailing winds; only the horizontal parts are constructed of
concrete and the terrace has a double flooring to provide protection against
the weather. The local climate, relatively dry, is one of the hottest in the world,
although it can be cold in winter. These various factors
have been taken into account in planning the project. The spacious ground floor
is completely open to receive large objects, and is sited in such a way as to
permit the prevailing winds to blow through; on the first floor are galleries for
the showcases in which small objects will be exhibited.