The church now known as Ermita de Cuatrohabitan, located approximately five kilometers from Seville in a settlement known as Bollulos de la Mitación, is believed to have been constructed in the twelfth-century as a rural mosque. In contrast to the monumentality and rich decoration of Almohad architecture elsewhere, the structure at Bollulos de la Mitación is modest in scale, materials, and design. Constructed of brick, the building was originally rectangular in plan and oriented along a north-south axis. The interior is divided into three longitudinal naves by five-bay arcades. Each bay consists of a round horseshoe arch recessed within a square frame. Aside from the slight outward curve made by the springing of the arches, the whitewashed interior is devoid of ornament. A freestanding square brick minaret, (subsequently absorbed into later additions) was located behind the mosque, near its northeast corner. In keeping with the Almohad minarets of Seville, Rabat, and Marrakesh, the elevation of each side of the minaret at Bollulos de la Mitación is articulated slightly differently. On the north face of the tower, for instance, narrow rectangular windows surmounted by doubled polylobed arches are recessed within rectilinear frames, giving the appearance of geminate windows. The windows on the minaret's western elevation are staggered in relation to those of the northern face, and whereas the upper window is ornamented with polylobed arches, the lower window boasts round horseshoe arches. The mosque at Bollulos de la Mitación is a rare example of Almohad religious architecture on the Iberian Peninsula.
Sources: Francoise de Montêquin, Compendium of Hispano-Islamic Art and Architecture, St. Paul: Hamline University Press, p. 119.
Leopoldo Torres-Balbas. 1941. "Dos obras de Arquitectura Almohade: La Mezquita de Cuatrohabitan y el Castillo de Alcalá de Guadaira," Al-Andalus, VI, Fasc. 1, p. 204-216.
Leopoldo Torres-Balbas. 1955. Artes Almoravide y Almohade. Madrid: CSIC, p.10-11, pl. 19, 24.