Recipient of the Aga Khan Award for Architecture in 1986.
In the urban areas of Indonesia, most of the low-income population lives in kampungs. Almost one-quarter of the city area of Surabaya, an industrial metropolis with a population of about 2.5 million, is covered by them. Kampung Kebalen has an average density of 800 people per hectare living in densely packed single-storey wooden houses within networks of narrow alleys. The average monthly household income is US$ 35 to US$ 65. Potable water, electricity and sanitation were lacking. Flooding occurred during the rainy season. The city upgraded Kampung Kebalan by adding footpaths, drainage, water and sanitation, efficiently constructed within a six-month period. The improvements cost US$ 400'000. All funds were from the government of Surabaya with a loan from the World Bank.
Serageldin, Ismaill, editor. Space for Freedom. London: Butterworth Architecture, 1989.
This book chronicles the first decade and the achievements of the Aga Khan Award for Architecture with special reference to the activities of the third cycle (1984-1986), and presents the winning projects of the 1986 Award. The title Space for Freedom was chosen to underline the commitment of the Award in all its activities, to create an intellectual space where imagination ca soar and the pursuit of relevance and architectural excellence can proceed in myriad ways, transcending a single architectural style or school of thought. Within this space for freedom, scholars, intellectuals, practising architects and critics have committed themselves to a far-ranging quest for insight into the future built environment of Muslims. Space for Freedom is the third in a series of books under the general title "Building in the Islamic World Today".