Makhzoumi, Jala and Reem Zako. “The Beirut Dozen: Traditional Domestic Gardens as Spatial and Cultural Mediator.” Proceedings, Sixth International Space Syntax Symposium, 12-15 June: Istanbul, 2007, pp. 064-1 - 064-12.
The hakura, a village domestic garden, is at once a place of production and pleasure, a hybrid orchard/garden. The research applies space syntax analysis to evaluate the changing conception of the hakura when applied to the detached, 19th century Beiruti house garden.