Ryan, Catherine O., William D. Browning, Joseph O. Clancy, Scott L. Andrews, and Namita B. Kallianpurkar. "Biophilic Design Patterns: Emerging Nature-Based Parameters for Health and Well-Being in the Built Environment." Archnet-IJAR: International Journal of Architectural Research, vol. 8, issue 2 (2014): 62-76.
paper carries forth the conceptual framework for biophilic design that was
first laid out by Cramer and Browning in Biophilic Design (2008), which
established three categories meant to help define biophilic buildings – Nature
in the Space, Natural Analogues and Nature of the Space – and a preliminary
list of “biophilic conditions”. New research and insights from the
neurosciences, endocrinology and other fields have since helped evolve the
scientific basis for biophilic design. This paper begins to articulate this
growing body of research and emerging design parameters in architectural terms,
so that we may draw connections between fields of study, highlight potential
avenues for future research, evolve our understanding of biophilic design
patterns, and capture the positive psychophysiological and cognitive benefits
afforded by biophilia in our design interventions.