Salama, Hussam Hussein. "Tahrir Square: A Narrative of a Public Space," in ArchNet-IJAR: International Journal of Architectural Research, vol. 7, issue 1 (2013): 128-138.
This paper investigates the patterns of public discourse that occurred in Tahrir Square during the 18 days of the Egyptian Revolution. For protesters Tahrir Square became an urban utopia, a place of community engagement, collective projects, social discourse, and most importantly, freedom of speech and expression. This paper traces these forms of spatial adaptation, and the patterns of social organization and discourse that emerged in the square during that period. The paper builds on Henri Lefebvre’s interpretation of space and his three dimensional conceptualization: the perceived, the conceived, and the lived.