Report on the effects of climate change on the glaciers of Tajikistan: "Due to specific orography and climatic conditions, Tajikistan is considered the main glacial centre of Central Asia. Glaciers are the wealth of Tajikistan, they are not only retaining water, but also regulating river flows and climate. Glaciers and permafrost are the main source of water replenishing the Aral Sea river basins. Every year the melting of snow and glaciers contribute several cub.km of fresh water to the main river basins of the country. Glaciers occupy more than 8.4 thousand sq.km, which is about 6% of the total country area. The bulk of ice cover is observed in the Pamir mountains."