Varanda, Fernando. 1999. Twenty Years of Change in the Built Environment of Yemen, Part 1. In Alam al-Bina. Abdelbaki Mohamed Ibrahim (ed). Cairo: Center for Planning and Architectural Studies, 6-9/209.
Until the 1970s, the built environment of North Yemen conveyed a general image of homogeneity, consolidated through centuries of isolation. There were episodic partial occupations by envoys from the centers of Islamic rule, but the area was never controlled by any of the Western powers that dominated, politically or economically, the surrounding countries. The Republican Revolution of 1962, however, introduced many changes in a short period. This report examines a few aspects of the changes that took place in the built environment between 1970 and 1990. These years have local political significance and may be seen as milestones in the progression of the culture of North Yemen towards exposure to the world beyond long established natural and political limits. 1970 was the year of the "Reconciliation" between the parties of the Civil War that followed the Revolution and 1990 was the year of "Unification" of North and South Yemen. The report attempts to describe some changes in the forms of buildings during this period and their contribution to the transformation of regional vocabularies. It also looks at a few aspects of the country's urbanization, understood not only in terms of physical expansion, but also as the diffusion of the values and attitudes of the center to the rural areas. (From preface to Part I, Issue 208)