Afshar, Farokh. “Pesantren in Java: Local Institutions and Rural Development”. In The Changing Rural Habitat; Volume I: Case Studies, edited by Brian Brace Taylor. Singapore: Concept Media/Aga Khan Award for Architecture, 1982.
Essay in The Changing Rural Habitat; Volume I: Case Studies, proceedings of Seminar Six in the series Architectural Transformations in the Islamic World. Held in Beijing, People's Republic of China, October 19-22, 1981.