Ibrahim, Abdelbaki Mohamed (ed). 1999. Social Medical Center Ghardaia, Algeria. In Alam al-Bina. Cairo: Center for Planning and Architectural Studies, 10-12/215.
The Social Medical Center of Ghardaia is not used as a medical center and was never used as a medical center. Conceived and built to host medical and sanitary facilities, the structure was converted to office use shortly after completion. The buildings have been transformed and adapted to suit the new program. (From introduction to the article)