Badran, Rasem. "A Trinity of Values in Architecture for Muslim Societies." International Journal of Islamic Architecture 10, 1 (2021): 247-256.
Here the author considers the misinterpretation of the term ‘Islamic architecture’ and the use of decorative elements that superficially mark buildings as such. He argues instead for ‘architecture for Muslim societies’ that responds to the social habits and values that unite Muslims. Human-scaled spaces drawing from historical contexts and examples based on the careful study of human interactions are preferred. Projects by the author from Saudi Arabia and Iraq are cited as examples.