Cheikha Fatoma Bent Kaddour Ensemble-Sagous Touit Idar Ayardanou
1959, Video 2015
"Recorded by Paul Bowles. At Ain ed Diab, Morocco. August l, 1959 Performers: A group of fourteen women and two men. Four of the women played benadir (singular bendir) as they sang; the men also sang and played benadir. The bendir is an open drum about fifteen inches in diameter, with wooden sides five or six inches high; the membrane covers only one end. The women without drums use hand-clapping to accentuate the rhythm or to make cross-rhythms. This music is essentially dance music; there is often a more or less lengthy prelude to the actual dance, however. In the recordings made at Ain ed Diab only the women danced, in groups of twos and fives. The leader of this group (all of whom are from Ain Leuh in the Middle Atlas) is Cheikha.Fatoma bent Kaddour. (The tribe is the Beni Mguild)
"The part singing in number 2 is curious, in that the intention is clear to end each phrase with an augmented fourth. The Ain Leuh group seemed to have trouble with words. In number 2 they stopped suddenly, talked together for a moment, and then resumed. This difficulty may have to do with the fact that the folk repertories have been examined and censored by the government since the beginning of independence. Many of the present texts are new."
Source: Bowles, Paul F. Folk, Popular, and Art Music of Morocco.
The Paul Bowles Moroccan Music Collection. Washington,
DC: American Folklife Center, Library of Congress, 1959-1962.
The Paul Bowles Moroccan Music Collection (AFC 1960/001), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., Courtesy of the Paul Bowles Estate and Irene Hermann / Tangier American Legation Institute for Moroccan Studies