"Recorded by Paul Bowles. At Ain ed Diab, Morocco. August l, 1959 "Performers: A group of fourteen women and two men. Four of the women played benadir (singular bendir) as they sang; the men also sang and played benadir. The bendir is an open drum about fifteen inches in diameter, with wooden sides five or six inches high; the membrane covers only one end. The women without drums use hand-clapping to accentuate the rhythm or to make cross-rhythms. This music is essentially dance music; there is often a more or less lengthy prelude to the actual dance, however.
In the recordings made at Ain ed Diab only the women danced, in groups of twos and fives. The leader of this group (all of whom are from Ain Leuh in the Middle Atlas) is Cheikha.Fatoma bent Kaddour. (The tribe is Beni Mguild.)"
Source: Bowles, Paul F. Folk, Popular, and Art Music of Morocco.
The Paul Bowles Moroccan Music Collection. Washington,
DC: American Folklife Center, Library of Congress, 1959-1962.
The Paul Bowles Moroccan Music Collection (AFC 1960/001), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., Courtesy of the Paul Bowles Estate and Irene Hermann / Tangier American Legation Institute for Moroccan Studies