M. Salama is full professor of architecture and Chair of the Department of
Architecture, University of Strathclyde Glasgow, United Kingdom. He was the
founding Chair of the Department of Architecture and Urban Planning at Qatar
University, Doha, Qatar and was a Reader in Architecture at Queen’s University
Belfast. He is a fellow of the Higher Education Academy-FHEA and the
Royal Society of the Arts-FRSA. He holds B.Arch, M.Arch, and Ph.D. from the Al
Azhar University in Egypt and North Carolina State University, USA (1987, 1991,
1996). He has held permanent, tenured, and visiting positions in Egypt, Italy,
and Saudi Arabia. With varied experience in academic research, teaching, design
and research based consultancy, Professor Salama bridges theory and design and
pedagogy and practice in his professional activities. He was the Director of
Consulting at Adams Group Architects in Charlotte, North Carolina (2001-2004).
Salama has written over 140 articles and papers in the international refereed
press; authored and co-edited nine books: New Trends in Architectural
Education: Designing the Design Studio (North Carolina, USA), Human
Factors in Environmental Design (Cairo, Egypt), “Architectural Education
Today: Cross-Cultural Perspectives” (Lausanne, Switzerland), Architecture
as Language of Peace (Napoli-Roma, Italy), Design Studio Pedagogy:
Horizons for the Future (Gateshead, United Kingdom), and Transformative
Pedagogy in Architecture and Urbanism (Solingen, Germany). His latest
books include: Demystifying Doha: On Architecture and Urbanism in an
Emerging City (Ashgate 2013), Architecture Beyond Criticism: Expert
Judgment and Performance Evaluation (Routledge 2014), and Spatial
Design Education: New Directions for Pedagogy in Architecture and Beyond
(Ashgate 2015). Professor Salama is the chief editor of the International Journal of Architectural Research (featured on Archnet), associate editor of
Open House International-OHI, and serves on the editorial boards of numerous
internationally refereed journals and on the scientific and review boards of
several international organizations.
Salama, Ashraf. "Navigating Housing Affordability Between Transdisciplinarity and Life Style Theories: The Case of the Gulf States," in ArchNet-IJAR: International Journal of Architectural Research, vol. 1, issue 2 (2007).
The typical approach of affordable housing research and practice views cost reduction as one single determinant. Other crucial factors such as lifestyles of the targeted populations, people satisfaction of their current houses and residential environments, and their aspirations and preferences in future houses are always oversimplified or superficially addressed. Therefore, the objective of this paper is to argue for a comprehensive approach for affordable housing practices in the Gulf States. The approach is based on a new paradigm of research: trans-disciplinarity; a form of inquiry that crosses the boundaries of different disciplines. Brief notes to highlight affordable housing issues in the Gulf States are outlined.
An argument on the impact of trans-disciplinary thinking on understanding affordable housing is developed, then is placed within the perspective of how lifestyle theories and their underlying concepts including place attachment, appropriation, visual preferences, and people satisfaction, can be integrated into a comprehensive investigatory process. In turn, a framework of inquiry is developed while reflected on affordable housing knowledge types. A translation of the framework into a survey tool is conceptualized. The tool is introduced in the form of a questionnaire to be implemented in the context of the Gulf States. The testing of the questionnaire --in the context of the city of Jeddah-- as a tool of inquiry reveals its validity, corroborates the value of integrating different knowledge types into affordable housing practices, and accentuates the value of incorporating lifestyle theories as a new form of transdisciplinary knowledge necessary for affordable housing research and practice.