Architect and Commander Haci Ivaz Pasa (son of Ahi Bayezid) was born in the town of Kazova (Tokat). He first served the Ottoman army during the rule of Bayezid I as the leader of cavalry troops under Prince Çelebi Mehmed (later Mehmed I) in Amasya. Appointed by Bayezid I as commander of the sub-region (sancak) of Kocaeli, he fought in the war of Ankara against Tamerlane in 1402. He became the prefect of Bursa towards the end of the princely wars (Interregnum) following Tamerlane's victorious retreat and defended the city against the Karamanoglu attacks. In 1413, Mehmed I seized the rule and restored the empire, establishing Haci Ivaz Pasa as third vizier. Ivaz Pasa became second vizier under Murad II (1421-1451) who soon blinded him based on rumors of disloyalty. He died from plague in 1428 and was buried in his mausoleum located in the Pinarbasi cemetery of Bursa.
Haci Ivaz Pasa is the patron of numerous public works in Bursa, Tokat, Manisa and Edirne. His endowment in Bursa is located in the market neighborhood and consists of a mosque and medrese that were financed by a han and a market that still survives under his name.
Inscriptive plaques (kitabe) on both sides of the entrance to the Green Mosque in Bursa mention Haci Ivaz Pasa as the architect of this mosque and the tomb of Mehmed I. His other works include Ipek and Geyve Hans (Market neighborhood, Bursa), the Mosque of Çelebi Sultan Mehmed (Dimetoka, Tekirdag) and the rebuilding of the Ulubad Bridge (Bursa road.) As exemplified by the work of Persian craftsmen on the Green Complex, Haci Ivaz Pasa sought to improve the architecture of the empire by bringing into the capital artists and artisans from different regions of the Islamic world.
Source: Pay, Salih. "Bas Mimar Haci Ivaz Pasa" in Bir Masaldi Bursa (ed. Engin Yenal), p: 177-185. Istanbul : Yapi Kredi Yayinlari, 1996
Yeşil Cami is a mosque and dervish lodge (zawiye) constructed as part of a multi-functional complex (külliye or imaret) commissioned by Ottoman sultan Mehmed I. The name of the mosque, which means "Green Mosque," comes from its exuberant decoration with green and blue tilework. Inscriptions and endowment deeds date the construction of the mosque between 1419 and 1421/822-824 AH and attribute the work to architect Haci Ivaz Pasa. The building underwent extensive renovation following the earthquake in 1855/1271 AH. These restorations were supervised by French architect Leon Parveillée beginning in 1863/1280 AH.
The building takes the form of a two-story cube with an extension on the qibla (south) side. This form is referred to as an inverted T plan in Anglophone scholarship. It is built of sandstone an dressed with marble panels. The north facade is divided into five sections: a central section with a monumental portal surmounted by an elaborate muqarnas hood flanked on either side by two bays with windows on each story. A muqarnas niche on the first story separates the two bays on either side. Flower designs and scriptures carved in marble frame the entry portal and the windows that flank it, with a different design featured in tympana of every window.Two minarets, later additions to the building, rise from either side of the facade. The domes that emerge above the cube and its southern extension are now clad in lead, but were originally clad in blue and green tiles, giving the mosque it's epithet.
The entrance portal leads onto a short hallway running north-south and intersected by a longer hallway running east-west. The east-west hallways gives access to two staircases leading to the second floor, as well as to to large corner rooms, each with a fireplace and windows opening onto the main (north) facade and the sides of the building. Proceeding straight along the short hallway running north-south, one enters onto a large central chamber with an octagonal fountain surmounted by a dome with a glass lantern (this replaces the original oculus). Flanking this chamber to either side (east and west) are two large iwans, also domed and rising two stories, and two doors giving onto corner rooms similar to those on the north side of the building, each with a fireplace. On the south (qibla) side of the central court is a large prayer hall iwan with a mihrab and two sets of four windows: one at ground level and one at clerestory level. On the north side, two small iwan-like rooms flank the portal leading onto the space from the entrance hall.
The second story, accessed via the staircases off of the east-west access of the entrance hall, is limited to the north side of the complex. At the top of each flight of stairs is a landing in the form of a narrow hallway that gives onto two small side rooms. Two of the side rooms have balcony-windows opening onto the front facade. The other two have balconies overlooking the central domed chamber of the first floor. Both landings also give access to a domed space that sits directly behind the second story of the entrance portal, above the north-south axis of the entrance hall. This space leads through an arch onto an ornately decorated loge that overlooks the central domed chamber of the first floor.
Superbly executed decorations abound on the interior of the mosque. The mihrab is a grand structure ascending from the floor of the south iwan to the base of the dome. It consists of a muqarnas niche surmounted by an inscription plaque, all framed in a rectangular field decorated with concentric bands of tilework, including vegetal motifs, geometric patterns, muqarnas, and an inscription band. A scripture in the mihrab area acknowledges "the work of Masters of Tabriz" on tiles, and the name of Nakkas Ali bin Ilyas Ali appears above the royal box as designer of the entire decorative scheme. Tile revetments also cover the lower portions of the walls in the prayer hall iwan and two side iwans, and include nineteenth/thirteenth-century AH replacements among the originals. Polychrome painted decoration once adorned the upper portions of the walls and ceilings, but this was damaged over the centuries and during the earthquake, and little remains. Perhaps the most stunning decoration that remains from the original program is that of second story loge that opens onto the central domed chamber above the entrance on the north wall. This room is completely covered with tile revetment with geometric and vegetal patterns, a muqarnas cornice, and a tiled ceiling with a large shamsa (sunburst roundel) and tile mosaic vine scroll.
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