On the eastern side of the Ajlun mountains, Amman is a hilly city through which a small river, Wadi ‘Amman, once ran. Settlements have existed on the plateau since at least 3000 BCE. The Islamic history of the city begins when the city was taken by the forces of the general Yazīd ibn Abī Sufyān in 635, but it declined in importance, and by 1300 had nearly disappeared.
The Ottoman resettled the site with Circassian refugees from Russia in 1878, but I wasn’t until becoming the capital of Jordan after World War II that the city really began to grow.
The village is based on individual houses in which between seven and nine children are taken care of by their foster mother under indirect supervision by the SOS Villages Society. The one-storey houses follow the site's natural contours and a network of paved walkways, stairs and ramps connect the various parts of the village. Informal landscaping and the use of rubble walls enhance the integration of natural and built-up environments. The public facilities, the kindergarten, bakery, supermarket, playgrounds etc., are located on the periphery, to encourage interaction and contact between neighbouring residents and the village community.