On the eastern side of the Ajlun mountains, Amman is a hilly city through which a small river, Wadi ‘Amman, once ran. Settlements have existed on the plateau since at least 3000 BCE. The Islamic history of the city begins when the city was taken by the forces of the general Yazīd ibn Abī Sufyān in 635, but it declined in importance, and by 1300 had nearly disappeared.
The Ottoman resettled the site with Circassian refugees from Russia in 1878, but I wasn’t until becoming the capital of Jordan after World War II that the city really began to grow.
After completion of the infrastructure and core units, the government proposed affordable loans to encourage eligible beneficiaries to move to Marka. The latter had then to build their own homes with subsidized building materials and simple construction techniques. Many families built a two-storey house up to 180 m2 surrounded by a garden of about 60 m2. This reflects the preferences of the occupants who often come from a rural background. They can therefore grow a small garden and sit outdoors. Community facilities such as two schools, an indoor sports hall, community, health and vocational training centers, land for a mosque and green areas were also provided.