On the eastern side of the Ajlun mountains, Amman is a hilly city through which a small river, Wadi ‘Amman, once ran. Settlements have existed on the plateau since at least 3000 BCE. The Islamic history of the city begins when the city was taken by the forces of the general Yazīd ibn Abī Sufyān in 635, but it declined in importance, and by 1300 had nearly disappeared.
The Ottoman resettled the site with Circassian refugees from Russia in 1878, but I wasn’t until becoming the capital of Jordan after World War II that the city really began to grow.
This is one of Jafar Tukan's earliest houses in
Amman. It reflects an attempt
at re-establishing the traditional stone house in Jordan through both the
texture of the stone and its building technique. It is also an attempt at
re-introducing traditional urban Jordanian residential forms into the country's
contemporary architecture. Structural constructing system is reinforced concrete skeleton with hollow slabs with concrete block infill. All parts were manufactured in-situ, except mechanical and electrical equipment and windows.