On the eastern side of the Ajlun mountains, Amman is a hilly city through which a small river, Wadi ‘Amman, once ran. Settlements have existed on the plateau since at least 3000 BCE. The Islamic history of the city begins when the city was taken by the forces of the general Yazīd ibn Abī Sufyān in 635, but it declined in importance, and by 1300 had nearly disappeared.
The Ottoman resettled the site with Circassian refugees from Russia in 1878, but I wasn’t until becoming the capital of Jordan after World War II that the city really began to grow.
The 11,000 m2 building site is located in a low density, residential area on the outskirts of Amman and is surrounded by main and secondary streets. The completed kindergarten and primary school comprises two sections. The school is characterized by a spinal pedestrian mall connecting the various courts and pathways. The kindergarten is a cluster of octagonal modules of various heights arranged around a network of courts and walkways. The modules are used to house activity and dining rooms in addition to a kitchen. A central cluster rises to three storeys. The taller, primary school adjacent to the kindergarten rises to four storeys. It contains one main building and a separate library. From the exterior, the kindergarten and primary school are integrated by the consistent use of large circular or semi-circular windows with grills. Reinforced concrete columns, slab, and beam construction construction have been used for the structural system. Exterior façades are of traditional stone.