On the eastern side of the Ajlun mountains, Amman is a hilly city through which a small river, Wadi ‘Amman, once ran. Settlements have existed on the plateau since at least 3000 BCE. The Islamic history of the city begins when the city was taken by the forces of the general Yazīd ibn Abī Sufyān in 635, but it declined in importance, and by 1300 had nearly disappeared.
The Ottoman resettled the site with Circassian refugees from Russia in 1878, but I wasn’t until becoming the capital of Jordan after World War II that the city really began to grow.
Abu-Hamdi, Eliana. "The Jordan Gate Towers of Amman: Surrendering Public Space to Build a Neoliberal Ruin." In International Journal of Islamic Architecture, Volume 5, Number 1(pp. 73-101), edited by Mohammad Gharipour, Bristol: Intellect, 2016.
The Jordan Gate Towers of Amman, a luxury development, provide a case study of forms of planning practice undertaken as part of neoliberal processes in a city aspiring for regional relevance, well timed with the receipt of transnational capital investment. Deregulated planning practice in Amman became a vehicle for the inversion of the process of eminent domain and the subsequent appropriation of public property for private profit. The result is a compromise of public interest in favor of government collaboration with private developers, a conundrum examined in this article through the case of the Jordan Gate Towers. Findings are based upon data and documents collected from the municipality, and interviews with city officials.