Mr. Luis Monreal, a Spanish historian, is currently the General Manager of the Aga Khan Trust for Culture in Geneva. He served as director general of the Caixa Foundation in Barcelona. From 1985 to 1990, he was the director of the Getty Conservation Institute, and oversaw conservation of projects such as the Tomb of Nefertari in Upper Egypt, the Sphinx in Giza, and Buddhist temples in Mogao (Datong, China), as well as other major projects in Cyprus, Jordan, Cambodia, and Spain. Mr. Monreal was the secretary general of the International Council of Museums (ICOM) from 1974 to 1985, and responsible for the establishment or conservation of nine museums throughout the world. He has also served as the curator of the Marés Museum in Barcelona, and was a professor of the history of art and museology at the Autonomous University of Barcelona.
Mr. Monreal has participated in numerous archaeological expeditions, to the High Atlas Mountains (Morocco), Nubia, Abkanarti (Sudan), and Masmas (Egypt). He was a member of the 1995 Aga Khan Award for Architecture Master Jury.Source: Aga Khan Trust for Culture
Monreal, Luis. "Relevance of the Mughal Empire Today". In Heritage of the Mughal World, edited by Philip Jodidio, 15-20. Munich: Prestel, 2015.
The creation of the Mughal Empire was not the result of a grand scheme, but, rather, developed on the basis of geography, time and events. Zahir-ud-Din Muhammad Babur (1483-1530), who descended from Timur and perhaps also from Ghengis Khan, was the first Mughal emperor, capturing Kabul in 1504, occupying Delhi and Agra in 1526. He came from the north, where his own father, Omar Sheikh Mirza, had been ruler of the Fergana Valley, located in modern Uzbekistan. From these lands once conquered by Alexander the Great, Babur and his men brought their own Timurid heritage as well as familiarity with the Persian-influenced architecture of Samarkand and Herat.
From Relevance of the Mughal Empire Today in Heritage of the Mughal World (Philip Jodidio, editor)