Michael A. Toler has been the Archnet Content Manager since September 2012. Since July 2018 he has been Interim Program Head of the Aga Khan Documentation Center at MIT (AKDC@MIT). Prior to that he served as the program Director for the Al Musharaka Initiative of the National Institute for Technology and Liberal Education. Michael was responsible for development of content for the Arab Culture and Civilization Online Resource, and for coordinating inter-institutional, collaborative endeavors of faculty, librarians, and technologists using technology to enhance teaching and research on topics relating to Islam, the Middle East, and North Africa.
Michael received a PhD in Comparative Literature with a Certificate in Translation Studies from Binghamton University (SUNY), after teaching in Morocco at L'Ecole Supérieure Roi Fahd de Traduction and Al Akhawayn University in Morocco. He also holds an MA and BA in English from New York University and Virginia Commonwealth University, respectively. He has published and lectured extensively on digital pedagogy and scholarship, as well as the literature, history, cinema, music, and cyberspace of the Maghreb, and the Middle East more widely. Michael is Board Member and Secretary of the Tangier American Legation Institute for Moroccan Studies.
13B -3 El Fjer (Day of Sultan’s arrival in Tangier)
1959 August 24, Video 2015
Recorded by Paul Bowles.
At Ain el Hayani, Tangier, Morocco.
August 24, 1959.
“In August the time of the Fjer is from about four A.M. to 4:25 A.M, whereas in June, which is when number 3 was recorded, it occurs an hour earlier.
The song of the funeral procession was recorded at some distance in mid- afternoon . The body was being carried from Ain el Hayani across the fields to Bou Araqia, which is where the cemetery is. The melody is always the same; the tempo is surprisingly fast, being an accompaniment to the footsteps of those carrying the corpse, and the men go as quickly as they can.”
Source: Bowles, Paul F. "Tangier" from Folk, Popular, and Art Music of Morocco.
The Paul Bowles Moroccan Music Collection. Washington,
DC: American Folklife Center, Library of Congress, 1959-1962.
The Paul Bowles Moroccan Music Collection (AFC 1960/001), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., Courtesy of the Paul Bowles Estate and Irene Hermann / Tangier American Legation Institute for Moroccan Studies