Conflict and Natural Disasters
Architecture between spaces of conflict
For my thesis I am interested in building in the LoC line (or cease fire line established by the UN) in Kashmir. I am still establishing a site but the area I am looking at is on the east side, on the LoC line that is between Azad Kashmir (in Pakistan) and Jammu and Kashmir (in India). I need help gathering information that will help me make an architectural proposition for that area. What role if any does architecture have in mediating social conflict?
Thank you.
Inaara Roopra
Architecture between spaces of conflict
Please... Do not tred on forbidden road, let policians and others do what they can for peace. Architects and designers should not try to establish any thing on disputed territory.
Dushyant Nathwani
Architecture between spaces of conflict
I simply don't agree with Nathwani. Do whatever you want to do because what you do represents your thoughts and no one has any right to stop you by doing anything. So it is up to you how you will take your architectural program to represent social conflicts. You can build metaphorical representatives, you can show the role of media, you can put up an actual event as an architecture. But all the actions should have logical reasons behind it.
Nauman Pervaiz
Architecture between spaces of conflict

I find your project incredibly challenging and very interesting. I am myself formulating a similar project in Srinagar on related themes.

Cities in conflict has been an ongoing intellectual debate in many forums - examples of such cities are Jerusalem, Berlin, Belfast, Bosnia, Johanesburg etc. You may also refer to the following link for such a forum /course at MIT this past semester.

My own research is to do with alternative planning strategies for urban design and development in conflicted environments where I am using Srinagar as a primary case study in Kashmir. I could send you more information if it would help your project. I would also like to hear about the evolution of your project and continue this dialogue.

Anubhav Gupta
Architecture between spaces of conflict
Inaara Roopra,

Your location is very challenging, even though I have never agreed with building on borders with conflicts, to help develop trust. The usual sites are the wagah border, because it is easier to build in that terrain.

My advice would be to build in the same terrain, as the challenge is half the fun, but I would move away from the LOC, and maybe build a center that shows the horrors of war and promotes Peace, in each country. The impracticalities of building on the border are pretty much visible on the border between the 2 Koreas.
Uzair A. Quraishi
Architecture between spaces of conflict
There are conflicts_ one cannot deny that but that is not in the minds of the common public. That is all political. It is a proved opinion that the common public of both sides wants peace, harmony and free movements. It is only the bureaucracy which is the hurdle and it can't be solved architecturally.

I don't want to discourage you but this is the fact "would a terrorist think if he has to attack people inside this building (your proposed topic- the peace centre)", so this does not require architectural solutions but political solutions.
Pankaj Chandani
Architecture between spaces of conflict
Unfortunately, politicians are the muppets of this world, but I think we as architects, urban planners, should contribute to peace by creating friendly environnements...
I come from Jerusalem and one can clearly see the political conflict on the ground! It's called geographical politics if I'm not mistaking. Israeli settlements are a good examples... they're built extremely fast, very cheap(rent is cheap ofcourse)...for one purpose ofcourse, to occupy more land and as fast as possible, and these settlements are not constructed anywhere...strategics locations are ofcourse choosen when can! On top of a hill for instance... Most probably for security reasons...and close by, in a valley, one can find palestinian villages! Another example is highways to relate one israeli settlement to another. One can see that they are savagely constructed, without thinking about environnement or nearby villages. Sometimes, a highway can cut through a village,or an olive feeld and consequences are bad, seperating people, families for city center, schools, and their lands...and the biguest consequence is conflict!
Very interesting thesis by the way!
good luck
Dima Khoury
Architecture between spaces of conflict
P Das
Architecture between spaces of conflict
Inaara Roopra i will like to read ur theoratical aproach to ur project which may help every body out there to concentrate to ur respctive theory may there will be no politics involved .........every body is trying to give the examle like problrm & its solution architecture just a solution .......if it is like that ..... i can refer u to the lebiskind machine which is used for the solution to the problems
Nauman Pervaiz
Architecture between spaces of conflict
I think this topic is generating interesting discussion about the scope of 'power of place' vs. 'placing power'. Power politics generates places of which Wagah is an adept example. The reason hundreds of people go there is not because they are looking for such a raw display of nationalism as is performed there everyday on each side by the respective border force, it is because the idea of the border pulls them, that's why they walk there from both the sides, there is a curiosity as to what is on the other side, a desire to reach out and maybe touch the unknown (or hidden). During a very recent visit there, I was utterly disappointed by the architecture, performance and the whole landscape of hatred and division. It spatially resembles the landscape of Auschwitz with barbed wires and layer after layer of security. The physical distance is reinforced with the people on the other side. It is evident that people want to talk and maybe hug or touch hands with each other even if for a moment, that is of course not viable. So much for the talks of peace... who is allowed to talk peace?

Sorry for distracting from your topic, Inaara but I think you have a very powerful idea and a desire, which precedes any built form. I would encourage you to look at metaphors of connection. It could be language, landscape or architecture itself. The absurdity of a line cutting across the continuous landscape is in itself something to ponder upon.
Good Luck.
Jitesh Malik

P.S: For my Masters of Landscape Architecture at Penn State, I am looking at memorializing the partition of Punjab in 1947.
Jitesh Malik
Architecture between spaces of conflict
Dear Inaara,

I am a student of Architecture. I was amazed to realize that you are working on quite a similar thesis to mine. I am working on Peace Building Architecture in Srinagar, the summer capital of Kashmir. I am interested to get in touch with you. You can email me at

Wish you all the best for your potential project.

Irfan Fazili


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