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Islamic Architecture
 
What does it mean when a tomb is described as "intra muros"?
I was reading Robert Hillenbrand's chapter on mausolea in his book "Islamic Architecture" and here he describes certain tombs as "intra muros" (p. 312). I gather that "intra muros" means "within walls" but I am not sure if this means that these tombs were individually enclosed by walls or whether it means that they were placed inside already existing buildings therefore rendering them "within walls".
Srinanda Ganguly
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What does it mean when a tomb is described as "intra muros"?
Srinanda, I would say that the Latin phrase "intra muros" means tombs placed within walls in a similar way to catacombs (usually manmade underground caves with matrixs of long horizontal spaces dug into the surrounding rock (aka walls) for individual people.

And this ancient custom of burying people both in catacombs below ground and inside walls above ground is a living tradition in Spain. Because when I visited Spain in the early 1980s (to see Granada (and the Alhambra, Cordoba (and the Mesquita Mosque), Seville (and the Alcazar), etc. I also visited Toledo (another Moorish city) and in the countryside nearby there was a church surrounded by a courtyard and walls of the courtyard contained multiple rows and levels of memorial plaques (and in the wall behind these plaques were the ashes of the dead).
Frank John Snelling
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