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Sustainable Design
 
Environmental design and construction for the Indian Climate
I am a final year B.Arch student from the UK. I am currently working on my design thesis project, for which I have chosen to design a Literacy Centre within Old Delhi, India. I intend to use a passive environmental system where possible for at least the majority, if not all of the year, and to use approriate building construction for the climate and country. I imagine that the constructional detailing of a building within the Indian climate will be very different to that of a building within the UK. What are the basics of designing within the Delhi climate? What are the most effective construction techniques? Are there any projects that you would recommend I look at as precedents? I'd be grateful for any suggestions...
Susan Martin
Responses
 
Environmental design and construction for the Indian Climate
Go into the Digital Library and look under individuals, click on India, and you will get a list of architects and firms that might be helpful. Charles Correa is a good one to start with given your specific problem. You will find projects and contact information on the site.
Yasmeen Siddiqui
Environmental design and construction for the Indian Climate
You should check out the work of Raj Rewal. Concept Media published a book on Mr. Rewal in the early 1990's. It can be found in the Publications Section of the Digital Library.
Shiraz Allibhai
Environmental design and construction for the Indian Climate
thank you for the responses - I have looked at the work of both architects mentioned - which has been helpful. However I am uncertain about a few things - both seem to have designed a number of buildings as a stone 'shell' around a concrete structure - or am I misreading the images? I have read before that concrete is however NOT the ideal material for the Indian climate, is this true? Are the walls solid concrete? How do buildings cope with the monsoons?
Susan Martin
Environmental design and construction for the Indian Climate
charles correa, raj rewal, b.v. doshi, kanvinde...all belong to the first and second generation of indian modernists...and it is quite amazing to see their works deviate from that of their masters or teachers, namely Corbusier and Louis Kahn. interestingly, you may like to look at the work of a not so well known architect working in baroda, gujarat. his name is Yashwant Mistry, and he has designed an Islamic Study Centre in Baroda...which works according to what i gather from your area of concentration. he has used bricks and concrete in a supposedly efficient way. yeah concrete may not be good material to work with in the climate of Delhi...but if used in an efficient manner, it can work wonders too. about Correa's and Rewal's facing of their buildings wit traditional stones; well they are answering some questions which haunt indian architecture- the question of identity! peace.
Shaji Panicker
Environmental design and construction for the Indian Climate
charles correa, raj rewal, b.v. doshi, kanvinde...all belong to the first and second generation of indian modernists...and it is quite amazing to see their works deviate from that of their masters or teachers, namely Corbusier and Louis Kahn. interestingly, you may like to look at the work of a not so well known architect working in baroda, gujarat. his name is Yashwant Mistry, and he has designed an Islamic Study Centre in Baroda...which works according to what i gather from your area of concentration. he has used bricks and concrete in a supposedly efficient way. yeah concrete may not be good material to work with in the climate of Delhi...but if used in an efficient manner, it can work wonders too. about Correa's and Rewal's facing of their buildings wit traditional stones; well they are answering some questions which haunt indian architecture- the question of identity! peace.
Shaji Panicker
Environmental design and construction for the Indian Climate
charles correa, raj rewal, b.v. doshi, kanvinde...all belong to the first and second generation of indian modernists...and it is quite amazing to see their works deviate from that of their masters or teachers, namely Corbusier and Louis Kahn. interestingly, you may like to look at the work of a not so well known architect working in baroda, gujarat. his name is Yashwant Mistry, and he has designed an Islamic Study Centre in Baroda...which works according to what i gather from your area of concentration. he has used bricks and concrete in a supposedly efficient way. yeah concrete may not be good material to work with in the climate of Delhi...but if used in an efficient manner, it can work wonders too. about Correa's and Rewal's facing of their buildings wit traditional stones; well they are answering some questions which haunt indian architecture- the question of identity! peace.
Shaji Panicker
Environmental design and construction for the Indian Climate
charles correa, raj rewal, b.v. doshi, kanvinde...all belong to the first and second generation of indian modernists...and it is quite amazing to see their works deviate from that of their masters or teachers, namely Corbusier and Louis Kahn. interestingly, you may like to look at the work of a not so well known architect working in baroda, gujarat. his name is Yashwant Mistry, and he has designed an Islamic Study Centre in Baroda...which works according to what i gather from your area of concentration. he has used bricks and concrete in a supposedly efficient way. yeah concrete may not be good material to work with in the climate of Delhi...but if used in an efficient manner, it can work wonders too. about Correa's and Rewal's facing of their buildings wit traditional stones; well they are answering some questions which haunt indian architecture- the question of identity! peace.
Shaji Panicker
Environmental design and construction for the Indian Climate
You can find brief about the basic principles of climatically appropriate design in the tropics in my article in the EU Courier, August/ September 2000, Keeping cool in the troics.... It is accesiblble via www.europa.eu.int/comm/development/courier . You find it in the Index of the issue 182 , page 57. I recommend to look into the tradtional design and then you will find , that tick walls ( 18 inch stone masonry ) and a good ventilation ( high roofs) are used. This bridges the day to night difference in the desert type climate. However, it should be possible to stop the ventlation, which is the case when you close the lower ( inlet) openenings. Look also for material, the does not need much maintenace, so I would avoid fair face concrete, it is of course suitable for slabs. Check also if the building is in an earthquake zone. Indian Earhquake Standards are good, but practice is poor, as I have seen in Gujarat.
Norbert E. Wilhelm
Environmental design and construction for the Indian Climate
You can find brief about the basic principles of climatically appropriate design in the tropics in my article in the EU Courier, August/ September 2000, Keeping cool in the troics.... It is accesiblble via www.europa.eu.int/comm/development/courier . You find it in the Index of the issue 182 , page 57. I recommend to look into the tradtional design and then you will find , that tick walls ( 18 inch stone masonry ) and a good ventilation ( high roofs) are used. This bridges the day to night difference in the desert type climate. However, it should be possible to stop the ventlation, which is the case when you close the lower ( inlet) openenings. Look also for material, the does not need much maintenace, so I would avoid fair face concrete, it is of course suitable for slabs. Check also if the building is in an earthquake zone. Indian Earhquake Standards are good, but practice is poor, as I have seen in Gujarat.
Norbert E. Wilhelm
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