Located in Sidon, a coastal city south of Beirut, this extensive project
consists of a large school programme, and includes multiple facilities. The
treatment of the entirety in an identical architectural language contributes to
the coherence of the project. The choice of the positioning of the various elements
composing the programme, located on a slope, is determined by the function of
each unit. Untreated and unpainted concrete makes up the architectural concept.
The school has classes ranging from kindergarten to secondary school,
and includes boarding facilities. The reasoning behind the set-up is not based
on any classification by age brackets, year, level or class, but rather on a
classification by functions. Five functions are defined and are dealt with, in
certain cases, independently: learning, praying, having fun, eating and
sleeping. This distribution of functions is directly linked to the four typical
functions determined by the modern movement, transposing them to the scale of
Kindergarten and primary school classrooms – a total of twelve
classrooms of forty students – are split into two groups, offset height-wise by
a 1.96m staircase so as to follow the natural sloping of the ground. The plan
includes a covered playground on the Northern facade, usable by both groups.
The boarding area is made up of four dormitories of forty-eight beds, each with
an infirmary and two faculty common rooms. The axis of this building is placed
along the slope of the terrain. With its reinforced concrete frame, the boards
are made of reinforced concrete slabs over hollow blocks, including on the terrace.
This project moulds the terrain, adapting to the slope as well as the functions
of the programme.
The architect also even plans and designs the furniture, thus mastering
the project down to the smallest details, including, for instance, the
cabinets’ sliding doors. The treatment of the kindergarten is a separate
thought process, as is the religious organisation of the Brothers, inclusive of
areas of denser vegetation to act as a shield from the neighbours. The chapel
expresses modernity, breaking off from any conventional classicism pertaining
to this field.
A new kindergarten project was planned for 1965, inclusive of bigger rooms.