The Asheqan wa Arefan shrine provides an important religious and community focus for the neighbourhood in the old city of Kabul to which it lends its name. The seat of the Naqshbandi order of Sufis, the graves of two brothers who were purported to have introduced Islam to Kabul are both the focus for religious rites and a place of pilgrimage.
Building on the experience gained during the conservation of the smaller mosques in the area, work was initiated on the Asheqan wa Arefan shrine complex in late 2005. Situated beside one of the graveyards that lay outside the walls of Bala Hissar, the site takes its name from the graves of two brothers who are reputed to have introduced Islam to Kabul in the 8th century AD, during the third Caliphate. To this day, visitors come to pay respect to the graves, in the hope that this might bring good luck and prosperity. Together with the adjacent mosque, the complex is the home of an important Sufi brotherhood.
A modern concrete structure had been erected over the grave of Khoja Abdus Salam, which stands in the midst of a larger graveyard, and is accessed from a portico, a mosque-like timber structure, leading to a semi-underground corridor lined with fine lattice screens. Repairs were carried out to the roofs of these structures, which were found to be close to collapse, and a stone retaining wall built along the length of the corridor, to protect the timber screens, which were cleaned and repaired, along with the fine carved timber entrance door. During the course of repairs to the plasterwork of the portico, a series of decorated plaster niches were uncovered and restored.
The entire roof over the lower grave of Khoja Abdus Samad was re-built and its internal plaster and marble decoration restored. Extensive repairs were also carried out on the roof of the adjacent mosque, which dates from the early 20th century and retains fine decorated plasterwork on the mihrab, the domed winter mosque beneath this and its long corridor. Rehabilitation works concluded in late 2007 with the landscaping of the shrine courtyard.
At the crossroads of the ancient world between the Steppe of Central Asia and the Indian subcontinent, Afghanistan has been at the centre of a network of cultural exchange and influence propagated by successive civilizations and empires for over four thousand years.
As Afghanistan recovers from decades of destruction, this book celebrates many of the Aga Khan Trust for Culture’s projects to restore monuments and other sites to their former glory. For decades, the Aga Khan Trust for Culture has been working to revitalize the social, cultural, and economic strength of communities in the Muslim world through its Historic Cities Programme. This book documents more than 100 such efforts that have been carried out in Afghanistan since 2002. Each project is illustrated with specially commissioned photographs and detailed descriptions. A powerful testament to the Trust's commitment to Islamic culture, this book documents the organisation’s ongoing work to celebrate, restore, and maintain Afghanistan’s cultural presence in the modern world.
This section focuses on work and activities in Kabul including: Amir Abdur Rahman Mausoleum and Mosque, Milma Pal Mosque, Burj-e Wazir Mausoleum, Sedukhan Mosque, and many other structures.