Krusche, Krupali Uplekar; Aijian, Danny; Anders, Selena; Dokonal, Iva; and Kapadia, Jill. "History, Morphology and Perfect Proportions of Mughal Tombs: The Secret to Creation of Taj Mahal," in ArchNet-IJAR: International Journal of Architectural Research, vol. 4, issue 1 (2010).
This study investigates the language of architecture of the east. Traditional Islamic architecture, especially Mughal architecture and its influence on India is examined through developmental growth and linage of Mughal tombs. This paper basically presents research with emphasis on clarity of spatial characteristics on four Mughal tombs in India, two of which are world heritage sites including the world renowned Taj Mahal. A strong context of methodological approach in unfolding the codex of architecture at Taj and influences of its predecessors in creating this magnificent monument is examined. A key to some of the unknown mysteries of architecture in India, this paper can be of reference to historians, architects and the general reader alike in understanding what makes Taj the pinnacle of architecture in India. It lays emphasis on how western architectural students can get a better understanding of the paradigms of architecture in east. With methods like comparative understanding of ordering principles, proportional analysis and studies of composition and approach, this paper explains the process of systematically understanding the ground rules of architectural composition of non-western culture, especially Mughal architecture as developed through the renaissance phase in the east (AD 1508 to 1707).