Westerberg, Ulla. "The Significance of Climate for the Use of Urban Outdoor Spaces: Some Results from Case Studies in Two Nordic Cities," in ArchNet-IJAR: International Journal of Architectural Research, vol. 3, issue 1 (2009).
The aim of the research presented in this paper has been to investigate habits and attitudes related to climate and outdoor activity, and to discuss the significance of climate in relation to a social and physical environment that becomes more and more urban. The context is the Nordic city and the Nordic climate and weather. Some results from a survey and field studies in urban public spaces in two cities are presented, i.e. results from mailed questionnaires on habits and attitudes related to climate and weather, on-site interviews on perceived climate and environment, observed activities and climate measurements. The everyday routines of urban life include very little time outdoors, but it varies much by season and weather. The demands for comfort in general rise, and they imply a climatically pleasant environment. The importance of small-scale building and green qualities increases by latitude.