Grabar, Oleg. "The Many Gates of Ottoman Art." In Islamic Visual Culture, 1100-1800, volume II, Constructing the Study of Islamic Art. Hampshire: Ashgate Publishing Limited, 2006. First published in Art Turc/Turkish Art, Tenth International Congress of Turkish Art (Geneva, 1999), pp. 19-26.
Islamic Visual Culture, 1100-1800 Part Three: Architecture and Culture Chapter XIX: The Many Gates of Ottoman Art