El Khorazaty, M. Tamer and Rowaida Rashed. 2004. An Approach toward a Framework of Design Guidelines for Urban Settlements. Unpublished Paper.
The Urban fabrics of some cities are being moulded through the accumulation and integration of many individual and small group behaviours, governed by the surrounding environment, cultural traditions, sociopolitical and economic forces over long periods of time. These urban fabrics are created over the course of time by the juxtaposition of multiple, systemic, complex layers of tangible and intangible aspects. Consequently, it is clear that the examination, comprehension and diagnosis of problems within the urban fabrics of such cities have always been complex processes throughout history. Primary formations of these urban fabrics should be based on flexible visions, and then subsequent transformations should evolve from flexible interpretations of these visions over the years.
One problem is the absence of visions for some communities in the primary formation of their urban fabrics and development processes. Another problem is that transformations of urban fabrics take place in the absence of regulations or in the presence of inconsistent and contradictory ones, the result is an "urban disorder phenomenon" apparent on different scales within cities. These transformations may happen within already existing cities, newly-developed cities and even cities in the planning process. Planning, Urban Design and Building Regulations in these cities are either absent or rigid, so these regulations are not flexible enough for inevitable transformations. Regulations should comprise guidelines --design guidelines that influence the formation and transformation of a city based on the primary flexible vision. Presently, Design Guidelines are meant to provoke a re-thinking of how cities are designed, and how to meet sustainability objectives for the transformations of cities.
Note: Taken from the Introduction to the Report.
Dr. M. Tamer El Khorazaty is associate professor at the Department of Urban Planning, Faculty of Engineering of Ain Shams University. Rowaida Rashed is an assistant lecturer at the same department.