2A. Moha ben Driss and Ensemble. (El Hajeb, Middle Atlas, Beni Mitr Tribe) Abou ou Harrak
Recorded in Aïn
Diab, Morocco on August 1, 1959 by Paul Bowles
comprised six men and twelve women. The leader of the group, (who should rightly be called Cheikh Moha ben Driss, save that he never referred to himself as Cheikh) played no
and occasionally clapped his hands. The other
men sang and played on
benadir, with the exception of the kamenja player, who did not sing.
The selection begins ith a female voice singing a solo of four strophes, (the mouwal). This is followed by a short kamenja solo stating the theme, which is then taken up by male voices. (The kamenja was a violin, rested on the knee and played upright like a viola da gamba.)
The point where the dance begins is in idated by the kamenja, which bids the singers to be silent, and takes over by itself, accompanied only by the benadir.
Source: Bowles, Paul F. "Ain ed Diab." in Folk, Popular, and Art Music of Morocco.
The Paul Bowles Moroccan Music Collection. Washington,
DC: American Folklife Center, Library of Congress, 1959-1962.
The Paul Bowles Moroccan Music Collection (AFC 1960/001), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., Courtesy of the Paul Bowles Estate and Irene Hermann / Tangier American Legation Institute for Moroccan Studies