Haha Janoubia (Festival of the Southern Ha ha Tribe)
Recorded in Essaouira, Morocco on August 8, 1959 by Paul Bowles
1959 August 2; Video 2015
Sixteen men: the composition of the group is given in notes for 3B. This is above all dance music. The leader crouches in the center of the circle, screaming frantic exhortation and orders to the other dancer-musicians. Occasionally the dancers cry: 'Haha! Haha!' Whether these exclamations, pronounced in exactly the same way as the tribal name, have any connection with it or not, I was unable to discover. When one has put a question several times in different ways and got no answer, one is obliged to desist and get on with the work.
The Moroccan's idea what way makes good dance music is the same as our idea of what makes good jazz, and they use the same word to describe it: skhoun...(hot).
Source: Bowles, Paul F. "Essaouira." in Folk, Popular, and Art Music of Morocco. The Paul Bowles Moroccan Music Collection. Washington, DC: American Folklife Center, Library of Congress, 1959-1962.
The Paul Bowles Moroccan Music Collection (AFC 1960/001), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., Courtesy of the Paul Bowles Estate and Irene Hermann / Tangier American Legation Institute for Moroccan Studies