The city of Rabat is located at the mouth of the Bou Regreg river. Rabat stands on the south side of the river and the twin city of Sale occupies the north bank.
Although there was probably a Roman settlement on the site, the present city of Rabat was founded in the twelfth century by the Almohad ruler Sultan Abd al-Mumin as a depot and launching point for the Almohad conquest of Spain. The city still retains parts of its twelfth-century walls including two monumental Almohad gateways. The facade of...