23A 2. Dedications (zamar, 4 benadir, darbouka)
Music of the Beni Bouifrour Tribe
Performers: Cheikh Hamed bel Hadj Hamadi ben Allal and Ensemble
Recorded by Paul Bowles at Segangan, Rif, Morocco. September 15, 1959.
”Throughout the Rif I had been inquiring bout the zamar, an instrument I had been told about but had only ever seen in photographs. At each place the musicians assured me I should find it in the next region further east. It was not until I got to the extreme eastern edge of the Rif, in Segangan, (Riffian pronunciation: Azrheung-ng'n) that I finally saw and heard the zamar. It consists of two separate reed pipes wired together, each with its mouthpiece and perforations; each pipe terminates in a large bull's horn. The instrument can be played both with and without the horns, which are easily detached. Unfortunately I was unable to get two zamar players, although I did my best.
I had made a special trip from Nador out to Segangan the previous day in order to make contact with the musicians and find a place to record without interference, and at that time had . tried to insist on a second instrument. When I brought up the subject, meaningful glances were exchanged between the Cheikh and the Caid, and the language shifted from Arabic into Riffian; I knew then that I was defeated, and after that my attempts were purely academic. For some personal reason the Cheikh did not want another zamar, and that was that. The next day when I went back to Segangan, there was, of course, only one, which naturally was better than none."
Bowles, Paul F. "Segangan." in Folk, Popular, and Art Music of Morocco. The Paul Bowles Moroccan Music Collection. Washington, DC: American Folklife Center, Library of Congress, 1959-1962.
The Paul Bowles Moroccan Music Collection (AFC 1960/001), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., Courtesy of the Paul Bowles Estate and Irene Hermann / Tangier American Legation Institute for Moroccan Studies