Art of the Mamluk period in Syria has as its most defining characteristic a propensity for using the surface of an object as a page for writing on. Whether etched on wood, metal, ceramic, or stone, inscriptions may include the names of rulers, blessings, or phrases from the Qur’an. They may be bold and loosely drawn, or more formally inscribed. Also prevalent are scenes depicting noble pursuits such as hunting, complete with running deer, leaping hares, and pursuing hounds.
Ottoman Era, 1516–1918
Art of the Ottoman period features magnificent tile and ceramic work. Often decorated with curving tulips and graceful carnations, courtly and domestic arts also include wood interiors painted with naturalistic scenes, sinuous flower borders, and beautifully embroidered costumes and textiles. The wood-paneled rooms from Damascus and Aleppo are prime examples of flora in art of this period.