Ala' al-Din Kayqubad ibn Kaykhusraw (Transliterated)
Kay Qubadh I b. Kay Khusraw I, Ala' al-Din (Alternate transliteration)
Alâeddîn Keykubad (Alternate transliteration)
Alaeddin Keykubad I (Alternate transliteration)
Kayḳubād I, 'Alāʾ al-Dīn (Alternate transliteration)
Kay Kubad (Alternate transliteration)
Kay Qubad (Alternate transliteration)
Alâeddîn Keykubad I, Sultan of the Seljuks (Variant)
Ala al-Din Kaykubad I was one of the most influential rulers among the Seljuks of Rum, the Turkic dynasty that ruled over parts of Anatolia in the late eleventh and twelfth centuries.
Kayqubad I's reputation came mostly from his victories in foreign policy and the expansion of the empire within the Anatolian peninsula, especially significant was the annexation of the southern Mediterranean shore around the Byzantine port city of Kalon-Oros, which he renamed Ala'iyya (modern day Alanya). He is also known for founding the palace cities of Kaykubadabad and Kaykubadiyya, as well as being a patron of other constructions.
Completed in 1220, the Alaeddin Camii is the oldest known Seljuk mosque in Turkey. It is built into the hill that forms the citadel of Konya; its pointed arch and round domes atop two tombs are prominent features in Konya's cityscape. With the exception of Izzeddin Keykawus, all of the Seljuk sultans after 1156 are interred in the complex.
Its oblong, hypostyle plan is influenced by Arabic classical architecture, but it is very much a Seljuk building. In fact, it is an agglomeration of two major rebuilding campaigns undertaken by both Sultan Izzeddin Keykawus and Sultan Alaeddin Keykawus.
The entrance portal is decorated in alternating grey and white marble and intricately interlocking voussiours. The building itself is made of a variety of stone types, many of them reused from Byzantine buildings.
Once inside the building the hall is divided into bays and aisles by 42 columns reused from antique buildings. These support the vaulted stone ceiling. The ebony minbar dates to 1155 and is probably the only element surviving from the earliest mosque. The mihrab is tiled in three shades of blue, and was probably built by Kerimeddin Erdim Shah, who built the dome.
Ertug, Ahmet. The Seljuks: a journey through Anatolian architecture, 219. Istanbul, Turkey: Ahmet Ertug, 1991.
Redford, Scott. "The Alaeddin mosque in Konya reconsidered." Artibus Asiae 51 1-2 (1991): 54-74.
Rice, Tamara Talbot. The Seljuks in Asia Minor, 280. New York: Praeger, 1961.
Stierlin, Henri, and Anne Stierlin. Turkey, from the Selçuks to the Ottomans. Köln, Germany: Taschen, 1998.